“Imagine surfing the Web, going from pag…

Imagine surfing the Web, going from page to page by randomly choosing an outgoing link from one page to get to the next. This can lead to dead ends at pages with no outgoing links, or cycles around cliques of interconnected pages. So, a certain fraction of the time, simply choose a random page from the Web. This theoretical random walk is known as a Markov chain or Markov process. The limiting probability that an infinitely dedicated random surfer visits any particular page is its PageRank. A page has high rank if other pages with high rank link to it.

Cleve Moler, Google PageRank: The world’s largest matrix computation in Experiments with MATLAB